Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR)

Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR)

  1. Marginal Cost of Funds based Lending Rate (MCLR) is the new RBI guideline for commercial banks to set lending rates. It has replaced the base rate system.
  2. Marginal cost of funds is a key component in calculating MCLR. Changes in key rates like repo rate, which alter marginal cost of funds,will impact MCLR.
  3. MCLR is a tenure-based benchmark, not a single rate. Banks have to publish at least five MCLR rates across the overnight, one-month, three-month, six-month and one-year tenures.
  4. The final lending rates offered by the banks is arrived at by adding the ‘spread’ to the MCLR rate.
  5. All floating rate loans are linked to MCLR.
  6. Existing borrowers with loans linked to base rate can continue with them till maturity or switch to the MCLR system. However, once a borrower opts for MCLR, they can’t switch back.
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